SGLT2 Inhibitors in Chronic Kidney Disease | Harvard Medical School Continuing Education

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How do SGLT2 inhibitors provide kidney protection? What key findings in CREDENCE and DAPA-CKD, two landmark kidney outcomes trials, have led to new SGLT2i guidelines for patients with CKD?

Dr. Lee-Shing Chang, MD, an endocrinologist at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, describes the use of SGLT2 inhibitors—canagliflozin and dapagliflozin—for improved kidney outcomes. Key findings from two landmark kidney outcomes trials for SGLT2 inhibitors are reviewed along with the updated guidelines they have led to. Finally, Dr. Chang identifies some of the proposed mechanisms by which SGLT2 inhibitors may provide kidney benefits, which is a subject of ongoing research.

00:00 | Introduction
00:39 | About SGLT2 inhibitors
01:17 | Cardiovascular and kidney outcomes trials summary
02:23 | Key findings from CREDENCE trial
03:54 | Key findings from DAPA-CKD trial
05:57 | Updates to clinical guidelines for managing T2D
07:09 | Proposed mechanisms for kidney protection with SGLT2i

Perkovic V, et al. Canagliflozin and renal outcomes in type 2 diabetes and nephropathy. N Engl J Med. 2019;380(24): 2295-2306. doi:10.1056/nejmoa1811744.  
Heerspink HJL, et al. Dapagliflozin in patients with chronic kidney disease. N Engl J Med. 2020;383(1): 1436-46. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa2024816. 
Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) Diabetes Work Group. KDIGO 2020 Clinical Practice Guideline for Diabetes Management in Chronic Kidney Disease. Kidney Int. 2020;98(4S):S1-S115. doi:10.1016/j.kint.2020.06.019.  
American Diabetes Association Professional Practice Committee; American Diabetes Association Professional Practice Committee. Pharmacologic Approaches to Glycemic Treatment: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes-2022. Diabetes Care. 2022;45(Suppl 1):S125-S143. doi:10.2337/dc22-S009. 
DeFronzo RA, Reeves WB, Awad AS. Pathophysiology of diabetic kidney disease: impact of SGLT2 inhibitors. Nat Rev Nephrol. 2021;17(5):319-334. doi:10.1038/s41581-021-00393-8. 

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Disclaimer: This content including advice provides generic information only. It is in no way a substitute for a qualified medical opinion. Always consult a specialist or your own doctor for more information.

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